Attention Deficit and Hyperactivity Disorder, abbreviated as ADHD. ADHD is a common brain development disorder. The cause of this condition is yet to be determined, but studies have shown that the disease is related to factors such as family heredity and neuroactivity. At the same time, genes and different living conditions can also affect the severity of the disease. ADHD is not a rare condition, but the incidence may have been underestimated. Most of the symptoms appear in childhood and continue into adulthood.

Symptoms of ADHD include:

  • Self-focused behavior
  • Interrupting others
  • Difficulty in waiting for their turn
  • Fidgeting
  • Difficulty in playing quietly and properly
  • Difficulty in finishing tasks
  • Lack of focus
  • Throwing Tantrum

Medication (such as stimulants) is the traditional treatment of ADHD. It is also the first line of treatment. However, the side effects brought by stimulants concern many parents. In addition to medical treatment, non-pharmacological treatments, such as cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT), are commonly used.

In many clinical researches, result showed that TMS is a therapeutic alternative to ADHD. TMS is also believed to help increase understanding of the pathophysiology of ADHD. In recent years, due to the high safety of TMS and its non-invasive feature, a growing body of clinical researches included TMS as a diagnostic and therapeutic tool. Clinical researches found that TMS is a technique that can effectively target and treat neurological dysfunction found in ADHD patients.

Moreover, TMS has been rated as safe for children above the age of 2, with good tolerance and safety. There are still several large-scale TMS studies on ADHD in various parts of the world. There will be more research data to support the potential use of TMS in ADHD.


Rubio, B., Boes, A., Laganiere, S., Rotenberg, A., Jeurissen, D.,& Pascual-Leone, A. (2016). Noninvasive Brain Stimulation in Pediatric ADHD: A Review. J Child Neurol, 31(6), 784-796.

Weaver, L., Rostain, A.L., Mace, W., Akhtar, U., Moss, E.,& O’Reardon, J.P. (2012). Transcranial Magnetic stimulation (TMS) in the treatment of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder in adolescents and young adults: a pilot study. J ECT, 28(2), 98-103.


*Declaration: The application of TMS to ADHD is still experimental. Although some clinical studies have achieved positive results, this clinical application has not yet obtained FDA approval and CE mark.